– Saif al-Islam Gaddafi – Born June 25, 1972.
– Is the second son of Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi.
– His name means ‘sword of Islam’
– He has a PhD in economics from the London School of Economics.
– He claims to be good personal friends with Tony Blair, Jörg Haider and British Lord Mandelson.
– He was an important part of his father’s inner circle, but has never had an official title in the Government
– He held the rank of colonel in the Libyan army.
– For a long time he was considered as the second in command of the Libyan government and was designated as his father’s likely successor.
– After his father’s fall in 2011, he was arrested on November 19.
During the Arab Spring in 2011 the ex-dictator Muammar Gaddafi’s son Saif committed serious war crimes and now he has been sentenced to death.
A court in Libya established. Saif al-Islam Gaddafi has been sentenced to be shot along with eight other top officials in the Gaddafi regime, which was overthrown during the uprising. Writes al-Jazeera.
Abdullah Senussi, who was head of the Libyan intelligence service, is among those convicted.
Another of Gaddafi’s sons, Saadi, is also on trial. However, there are no reports that he was to be sentenced.
Little brother Saadi al-Gaddafi is not among those convicted. He is best known for attempting folowing a professional football career in Italy, where he never broke through.
Convicted in absentia
There is considerable doubt as how the judgment is to to be implemented. Since 2011, Saif al-Islam Gaddafi has in fact been under lock and key by a militia in the town of Zintan in a mountainous part of Libya. He has, according to al-Jazeera taken part in his own trial on a video link.
The group, which has him in its custody opposes the extremely fragile government in Tripoli and it is not expected that they will hand him over.
Friends with Tony Blair
The two brothers are accused, and the one are now sentenced to have been behind a series of massacres during the uprising in 2011 and to have tortured and killed political opponents. In addition, they should have looted the treasury to be able to afford an extravagant lifestyle.
Thus, Saif al-Islam Gaddafi were in the years before the uprising known as Libya’s new public face, and he was seen around both Prince Andrew and Tony Blair, according to an article in The Guardian. He graduated from the University of London.
Dad was dictator for 42 years
Muammar Gaddafi was one of the world’s most infamous dictators since he took power in Libya in 1969 until his dismissal in 2011. He took over from the then King Idris in a peaceful coup and abolished the monarchy.
At the beginning of his time in power, he was one of the West’s arch-enemies, he wanted to remove Western influence from Libya, imposed Sharia law and is believed to have been behind a terrorist attack on a flight from Pan Am, which in 1988 crashed at the town of Lockerbie in Scotland. Gaddafi has never admitted being responsible for this.
The relationship to particularly Britain and the US were so bad that the United States in 1986 bombed Libya and the UN imposed sanctions on the country.
In 1999 Gaddafi lightened however up towards the West. He introduced the privatization of enterprises, made trade agreements with Western countries, and he helped create the African Union.
During the Arab Spring in 2011 Muammar Gaddafi fled to the city of Sirte, where he was captured by militants. On August 23, 2011 they killed him. He was 69 years.